Minnesota Firearm Bill of Sale Form

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Updated November 08, 2022

A Minnesota firearm bill of sale is a form that a buyer and seller must complete when executing the sale and purchase of a firearm in the State of Minnesota. The document contains information pertinent to the buyer, the seller, and the firearm itself. It can serve as legal proof of a change of ownership and must be signed in the presence of a notary public by both the buyer and seller as well as two (2) witnesses.

Table of Contents

Privately Selling a Firearm

Any person who is permitted to own and purchase a firearm in Minnesota is also permitted to privately sell one to another resident.

Prohibited from Buying

In order to purchase a firearm in the state of Minnesota, the buyer must either have a Permit to Purchase/Transfer or a Permit to Carry issued by their local sheriff’s office.

An individual who meets any of the following criteria, per MN Stat § 624.713, is prohibited from obtaining either of these permits and owning or purchasing a firearm:

  • a person under the age of 18 years except that a person under 18 may possess ammunition designed for use in a firearm that the person may lawfully possess and may carry or possess a pistol or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon (i) in the actual presence or under the direct supervision of the person’s parent or guardian, (ii) for the purpose of military drill under the auspices of a legally recognized military organization and under competent supervision, (iii) for the purpose of instruction, competition, or target practice on a firing range approved by the chief of police or county sheriff in whose jurisdiction the range is located and under direct supervision; or (iv) if the person has successfully completed a course designed to teach marksmanship and safety with a pistol or semiautomatic military-style assault weapon and approved by the commissioner of natural resources;
  • except as otherwise provided in clause (9), a person who has been convicted of, or adjudicated delinquent or convicted as an extended jurisdiction juvenile for committing, in this state or elsewhere, a crime of violence. For purposes of this section, crime of violence includes crimes in other states or jurisdictions which would have been crimes of violence as herein defined if they had been committed in this state;
  • a person who is or has ever been committed in Minnesota or elsewhere by a judicial determination that the person is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the public, as defined in section 253B.02, to a treatment facility, or who has ever been found incompetent to stand trial or not guilty by reason of mental illness, unless the person’s ability to possess a firearm and ammunition has been restored under subdivision 4;
  • a person who has been convicted in Minnesota or elsewhere of a misdemeanor or gross misdemeanor violation of chapter 152, unless three years have elapsed since the date of conviction and, during that time, the person has not been convicted of any other such violation of chapter 152 or a similar law of another state; or a person who is or has ever been committed by a judicial determination for treatment for the habitual use of a controlled substance or marijuana, as defined in sections 152.01 and 152.02, unless the person’s ability to possess a firearm and ammunition has been restored under subdivision 4;
  • a person who has been committed to a treatment facility in Minnesota or elsewhere by a judicial determination that the person is chemically dependent as defined in section 253B.02, unless the person has completed treatment or the person’s ability to possess a firearm and ammunition has been restored under subdivision 4. Property rights may not be abated but access may be restricted by the courts;
  • a peace officer who is informally admitted to a treatment facility pursuant to section 253B.04 for chemical dependency, unless the officer possesses a certificate from the head of the treatment facility discharging or provisionally discharging the officer from the treatment facility. Property rights may not be abated but access may be restricted by the courts;
  • a person, including a person under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, who has been charged with committing a crime of violence and has been placed in a pretrial diversion program by the court before disposition, until the person has completed the diversion program and the charge of committing the crime of violence has been dismissed;
  • except as otherwise provided in clause (9), a person who has been convicted in another state of committing an offense similar to the offense described in section 609.224, subdivision 3, against a family or household member or section 609.2242, subdivision 3, unless three years have elapsed since the date of conviction and, during that time, the person has not been convicted of any other violation of section 609.224, subdivision 3, or 609.2242, subdivision 3, or a similar law of another state;
  • a person who has been convicted in this state or elsewhere of assaulting a family or household member and who was found by the court to have used a firearm in any way during commission of the assault is prohibited from possessing any type of firearm or ammunition for the period determined by the sentencing court;
  • a person who:
    • has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;
    • is a fugitive from justice as a result of having fled from any state to avoid prosecution for a crime or to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding;
    • is an unlawful user of any controlled substance as defined in chapter 152;
    • has been judicially committed to a treatment facility in Minnesota or elsewhere as a person who is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the public, as defined in section 253B.02;
    • is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States;
    • has been discharged from the armed forces of the United States under dishonorable conditions;
    • has renounced the person’s citizenship having been a citizen of the United States; or
    • is disqualified from possessing a firearm under United States Code, title 18, section 922(g)(8) or (9), as amended through March 1, 2014;
  • a person who has been convicted of the following offenses at the gross misdemeanor level, unless three years have elapsed since the date of conviction and, during that time, the person has not been convicted of any other violation of these sections: section 609.229 (crimes committed for the benefit of a gang); 609.2231, subdivision 4 (assaults motivated by bias); 609.255 (false imprisonment); 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of a child); 609.582, subdivision 4 (burglary in the fourth degree); 609.665 (setting a spring gun); 609.71 (riot); or 609.749 (harassment or stalking). For purposes of this paragraph, the specified gross misdemeanor convictions include crimes committed in other states or jurisdictions which would have been gross misdemeanors if conviction occurred in this state;
  • a person who has been convicted of a violation of section 609.224 if the court determined that the assault was against a family or household member in accordance with section 609.2242, subdivision 3 (domestic assault), unless three years have elapsed since the date of conviction and, during that time, the person has not been convicted of another violation of section 609.224 or a violation of a section listed in clause (11); or
  • a person who is subject to an order for protection as described in section 260C.201, subdivision 3, paragraph (d), or 518B.01, subdivision 6, paragraph (g).

Registering a Firearm

Any state or government agency is prohibited from requiring the registration of private firearms by private citizens, as affirmed in MN Stat § 624.714(20)(d).

Concealed Carry

A Permit to Carry is required to carry a concealed firearm in Minnesota.

How to Apply

A person must be twenty-one (21) years of age or older to apply for a concealed carry permit in Minnesota.

Step 1 – Complete a firearm safety training course as required by MN Stat § 624.714(2)(b)(1).

Step 1 – Complete a Minnesota Uniform Firearm Application Permit to Carry a Pistol.

Step 2 – Submit the application to the sheriff’s department local to the applicant’s residence.

Step 3 – The sheriff’s office will approve or deny the application within thirty (30) days of receiving it.

Reciprocity

In accordance with MN Stat § 624.714(16), a nonresident of Minnesota may carry a concealed weapon in the state if they have been issued a concealed carry permit from any state except the following prohibited states: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.