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Virginia LLC Operating Agreement Templates

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The Virginia LLC operating agreement is a legal document that creates a member managed company, whereas the members collectively set forth the rules and regulations, among other things, and abide by them. The State of Virginia does not require that a company implements this document. It is, however, very highly recommended. With no State requirement, there are also no specifics with regard to what should be included. Therefore, it is very important that the document is well written in the event that there are any issues between members or even lawsuits against the company.

Definition – § 13.1-1002

Laws – Title 13.1, Chapter 12 (Virginia Limited Liability Company Act)

Operating Agreement Laws – § 13.1-1023

Table of Contents

By Type (2)

Multi-Member LLC Operating Agreement – This document would be used in the event that there would be more than one contributing member in the company.

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Single-Member LLC Operating Agreement – This would be the document to select to create a proper LLC if the business has only one owner/manager.

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How to Form an LLC in Virginia

All LLC filers are advised to Search for their Business Name in the State Corporation Commission’s database prior to registration, thus ensuring that the name hasn’t already been taken by another company or reserved for future use. Note: a business search is only possible after a User Account has been created.

Step 1 – Nominate a Registered Agent

The Virginia State Corporation Commission demands that each LLC elects a Registered Agent for the purpose of forwarding government correspondence and legal notices to the company.

In Virginia, the Registered Agent may be either of the following:

  • Member or manager of the LLC who resides in the State
  • Member of the Virginia State Bar who also resides in the State
  • Qualified business with the authority to transact business in the State

Step 2 – Select LLC Type

Choose the link below which matches your LLC type and complete the corresponding application:

*Foreign applications must include a certified or authenticated copy of the initial formation articles dated within the past twelve (12) months, complete with any applicable amendments and corrections. See § 13.1-1052 of the Code of Virginia for more information.

Step 3 – Pay the Filing Fee

Supply the $100 processing fee to complete the filing procedure. A credit card is necessary when providing payment online. If filing a paper application, enclose a check made out to the ‘State Corporation Commission’ and send all articles to the following address:

Clerk of the State Corporation Commission, P.O. Box 1197, Richmond, Virginia 23218-1197

Step 4 – Operating Agreement 

An LLC operating agreement may be used by the managing member(s) to define the rules and regulations which will govern the overall operating structure of the company (i.e. member duties, general meeting times, etc.). This is strictly an internal document as there is no statute dictating that such an agreement must be drafted and filed with the State Corporation Commission.

Step 5 – Employer Identification Number (EIN)

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) should be obtained once your filing is complete with the Virginia State Corporation Commission. This number is used for tax purposes and it will be necessary to obtain if your business plans on opening company bank accounts or paying employees.

How to Write

Step 1 – Establish the name of the company by placing the name in the first line on the page.

Step 2 – The Agreement – Enter the effective date of the agreement in dd/mm/yyyy format.

  • Check the applicable box
  • Enter all required information
  • Single-Member – Enter the name of the company, the state of residence, the owner’s name and business address
  • Multi-Member – Enter each member’s full name and complete address

Step 3 – Name and Principal Place of Business – Enter the following:

  • The registered company name
  • The business address
  • The city of the company’s location

Review all remaining information, provide any required information in the lines provided, and submit the following:

Formation –

  • The date of the company’s formation (dd/mm/yy)
  • Review the titles:
  • Purpose
  • Term

Member Capitol Contributions –

  • Check the box that applies
  • Single-Members – Read the information provided
  • Multi-Members – Enter all of the members’ names and contribution amounts (minimum of $100.00)

Distributions –

  • Check the appropriate box
  • Single-Members – Read the information
  • Multi-Members – Submit all names and Percentage Interest for each member
  • Members, review the remaining information

Step 4 – Books, Records and Tax Returns –

  • Check the appropriate box
  • Review all information

Continue by reviewing all of the following titles:

  • Bank Accounts
  • Management of the Company
  • Select and check the applicable box
  • Single-Member – Review the information provided
  • Multi-Members – Read the information
  • Enter the agreed upon limits in each of the lines in the paragraph

Step 5 – Titled Sections – Check the box, if applicable – Read the following:

  • Meetings of Members – Enter a member meeting date
  • Assignment of Interests
  • Ownership of Company Property – For Sole Proprietors
  • Right of First Refusal
  • Admission of New Members
  • Withdrawal Events
  • Dissolution and Liquidation – Check the applicable box and review all of the information
  • Representations of Members
  • Certificates Evidencing Membership – Multi-Member – Submit the company name and an effective date in dd/mm/yyyy format
  • Notices
  • Arbitration
  • Amendments
  • Indemnification – Owners/Sole Proprietors
  • Miscellaneous

Step 6 – Signatures –

  • Enter the date of execution of the document
  • Apply the signature of a company representative (required)
  • Members must apply their respective signatures

Once the document is complete, the members must be provided with individual copies for their records.