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Louisiana Deed Forms – Quit Claim, Warranty, and Special Warranty

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The Louisiana deeds are legal documents that are used to transfer land or another real estate in Louisiana from one person (vendor or seller) to another. Deeds must be witnessed by two witnesses and a notary. Once they are properly completed witnessed and acknowledged, the must be filed with the land records department in the parish in which the property is located. Deeds require a description of the property, either the parcel number or the street address as well as the legal description which includes the metes and bounds of the property. In addition, the consideration paid for the property should be included.

Recording – All Deeds must be filed with the Clerk of Court’s Office in the jurisdiction of where the immovable property is located.

Signing (CC 1839) – All Deeds must be signed with a Notary Public and two (2) witnesses.

Deed Types

General Warranty – A general warranty deed is a type of deed that comes with a guarantee that the property being transferred has no other claims against it other than that which is specified in the deed. If someone makes a claim of interest in the property, the vendor (or seller) agrees to indemnify the buyer against such claims.

Quit Claim – A quit claim transfers property without any of the guarantees that come with a warranty. In the case of a quitclaim, the vendor, or seller, is transferring the property without any guarantee that there are no other claims against the property. If there are claims, the buyer is responsible for taking care of the issue himself.

Special Warranty – This type of deed is in between a quit claim and a warranty deed. It provides a limited guarantee to the buyer that the seller has not conveyed any interest during the time that seller has owned the property. However, the seller makes no guarantee about what may have occurred before he or she acquired the property.

Louisiana Property Search

In order to be sure of what you are purchasing when you buy property, it is important that a buyer look at the chain of title of the house to make sure that the seller owns full title to the property and there aren’t any others who may have a claim. In Louisiana, every Clerk of Court holds the land records for a given parish. You can go to the clerk of the court’s office to look at the chain of title. Some clerk’s of court have the records online, while others you will have to visit in person. Below is an example of how you would start an online search in Ascension Parish:

Step 1 – Go to the clerk of court’s site and click on Ascension Parish website.

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Step 2 – Click on “Online Access” in the left column.

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Step 3- You will be brought to this page where you will either log on or start a new subscription.

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Step 4 – If you are just searching for one property, you will probably just want to subscribe for day access. Click on the Day Rates link and you will be brought to this page.

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Step 5 – Click on “Register for Day Rate Access” and you will be brought to this page where you enter your information to obtain an online id.

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Step 5 – Once you have a subscription set up, you will need to know the vendor’s name and the parcel number or address in order to begin the title search.


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