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Ohio Deed Forms – Quit Claim, Warranty, and Special Warranty

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The Ohio deeds are documents used to legally transfer interests in real estate in Ohio. They generally require the name of the grantor (seller) and the grantee (buyer) and the amount paid for the property, in addition to a legal description of the property. The deed must be signed and then acknowledged by a notary. Deeds are then recorded with recorder’s office in the county in which the property is located. When acquiring property, it is prudent to know exactly what it is you’re acquiring so having a title search (or property search) completed is important.

Laws – Chapter 5302 (Statutory Forms of Land Conveyance)

Notary Public – All deeds are to be signed in the presence of a Notary Public (§ 5301.01).

Recording – All property that is recorded must be done at the County Recorder’s Office in the jurisdiction where the land is located.

Deed Types

General Warranty – A general warranty deed is a deed that transfers a grantor’s interest in a property. This type of deed comes with a guarantee from the grantor that he or she owns clear title to the property, is legally authorized to sell the property and will defend grantee if there are any issues related to problems with the title.

Limited Warranty – This type of deed is like a warranty deed because it comes with a warranty, but it is limited to title issues that arise from grantor’s ownership of the property, not to any issues that arise out of previous ownerships.

Quit Claim – This type of deed is used to transfer interests in property as well, but it does not come with a guarantee from grantor. Grantor is merely transferring whatever interest he may (or may not) have in the property, with no guarantee as to what that is.

Ohio Property Search

In Ohio, each county has a recorder who holds copies of all the land records. You can go directly to the recorder’s office to do a manual search of titles or you can check this site to see if your county recorder has online search capability:

OHtitle

The following is an example of how to begin an online property search using Clinton County:

Step 1 – Go to the county recorder’s website:

OHtitle2

Step 2 – Click “Search Real Estate Records Online” and you will be brought to this page:

ohtitle2

Step 3 – Read the disclaimer and click on “Public Access” and you will be brought to this page:

ohtitle3

Step 4 – Enter in the name of your grantor and click “Search – Show Final Results” and you will be brought to a page listing of documents. Click on the document that corresponds to the deed granted to your grantor when your grantor purchased the property.ohtitle4Step 5 – You will be able to see the deed and print it out for your records. You will then want to check the name of the person who sold the property to your grantor and search that name to find the previous deed transferring the property. Proceed in this manner until you have checked deeds going back 50 years.

Step 6 – You will then check each grantor going forward from the last deed to see if there were any other grants of interest in the property.

Step 7 – Review each deed to ascertain whether or not the same legal description for the property is on each deed. Determine whether there are outstanding interests, such as mortgages that have not been discharged.


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