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Washington D.C. Eviction Notice Forms (9)

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Washington D.C. Eviction Notice Forms (9)

Updated February 19, 2024

A Washington D.C. eviction notice is a legal document that a landlord uses to alert a tenant that the tenant will soon lose the right to remain on the property due to violating their lease.

Often called a “notice to quit,” they are issued to tenants who are alleged to be in non-compliance, such as failing to pay rent or declining to fix a dangerous condition on the property, and are therefore not entitled to remain on the property for the duration of the lease.

By Type (9)


30-Day Notice to Quit (Non-Payment of Rent) – Alerts tenants that, unless they pay all owed rent within sixty (30) days of receiving this notice, the landlord may initiate the eviction process.

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30-Day Notice to Quit (Non-Compliance) – Gives tenants thirty (30) days to fix some violation of the lease agreement other than nonpayment of rent.

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30-Day Notice to Quit (Month-to-Month Tenancy) – Both tenants and landlords may end a month-to-month tenancy by providing the other party with thirty (30) days’ notice.

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30-Day Notice to Quit (Illegal Activity) – When the tenant commits an illegal act on the premises.

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90-Day Notice to Quit (Personal Use and Occupancy) – When the landlord decides to use the property for their own personal use.

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90-Day Notice to Quit (Personal Use and Occupancy of a Contract Purchaser) – Also known as RAD Form 13, In the event that a landlord intends to sell the property and has identified a buyer.

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120-Day Notice to Quit (Substantial Rehabilitation) – Also known as RAD Form 16, if a landlord wants to perform improvements that are so substantial that it is impossible for the tenant to live on the premises.

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180-Day Notice to Quit (Notice of Demolition) – Also known as RAD Form 15, to be used if the landlord intends to demolish a structure on the property where the tenant resides.

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180-Day Notice to Quit (Discontinuance of Housing Use) – Also known as RAD Form 17, if the landlord no longer intends to use the property for residential purposes.

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Table of Contents

Eviction Laws

  • Rent Grace Period: Five days.[1]
  • Non-Payment of Rent: 30 days.[2]
  • Non-Compliance: 30 days.[2]
  • Termination (Month-to-Month): 30 days.[3]
  • Illegal Activity: 30 days.[4]
  • Personal Use and Occupancy: 90 days.[5]
  • Personal Use and Occupancy of a Contract Purchaser: 90 days.[4]
  • Substantial Rehabilitation: 120 days.[6]
  • Notice of Demolition: 180 days.[7]
  • Discontinuance of Housing Use: 180 days.[8]
  • Eviction Lawsuit: Authorized Fees for the Payment of Rent Beyond 5 Days After the Rent Payment is Due.[9]

Court Forms

Woman holding laptop viewing court forms.

Answer of Defendant – Those facing eviction may use this form to respond to a notice to quit.

Complaint for Nonpayment of Rent (Form 1-A) – A landlord may file this form with the court to begin the eviction process if the tenant has failed to pay rent.

How to Evict (4 steps)

  1. Fill Out Notice and Deliver to Tenant
  2. File Complaint with Local Court
  3. Serve Tenant
  4. Attend Hearing

1. Fill Out Notice and Deliver to Tenant

Fill out one of the forms below and provide it to the tenant. Landlords may post it on the property at issue, though certified mail is recommended to record the tenant’s receipt of the notice.

2. File Complaint with Local Court

If the necessary notice period for the type of eviction has elapsed and the tenant remains on the premises, the landlord should file the complaint, Form 1-A, with the Landlord and Tenant Branch of the Civil Court Division.

  • The filing fee is $120 along with $10 for each additional defendant

3. Serve Tenant

As soon as the complaint has been filed, the landlord must serve the tenant with the eviction action. This should be done with a process server.

4. Attend Hearing

Male judge holding a gavel.

A judge in the landlord and tenant branch will set a date for a hearing. Landlord and tenant matters in the District may be handled either by an attorney or by the party involved, which is known as “pro se.”

Both parties are obligated to appear and may present evidence and arguments. Landlords should expect additional procedural requirements if the tenant being evicted receives public assistance or is in the process of applying.

Sources

  1. § 42–3505.31(b)(2)
  2. § 42–3202
  3. § 42–3202(b)
  4. § 42–3505.01(e)
  5. § 42-3505.01(d)
  6. § 42-3505.01(h)
  7. § 42-3505.01(g)
  8. § 42-3505.01(i)
  9. § 42–3505.31