Washington D.C. Eviction Notice Forms | Process & Laws

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A Washington D.C. eviction notice is a legal document that a landlord uses to alert a tenant that the tenant will soon lose the right to remain on the property. Often called a “notice to quit,” they are issued to tenants who are alleged to have broken some portion of the lease agreement, such as failing to pay rent or declining to fix a dangerous condition on the property, and are therefore not entitled to remain on the property for the duration of the lease. In general, the notice contains a time period, and if the tenant fails to address the issue within that time period, the landlord may summon the U.S. Marshals to evict the tenant. In Washington D.C., if the landlord knows that the tenant’s primary language is not English, then notice must be provided in that language.

By Type (6)


30-Day Notice to Quit (Non-Payment of Rent) – Alerts tenants that, unless they pay all owed rent within sixty (30) days of receiving this notice, the landlord may initiate the eviction process. 

Download: Adobe PDF, Microsoft Word (.docx), Open Document Text (.odt)


30-Day Notice to Quit (Non-Compliance) – Gives tenants thirty (30) days to fix some violation of the lease agreement other than nonpayment of rent.

Download: Adobe PDF, Microsoft Word (.docx), Open Document Text (.odt)


30-Day Notice to Quit (Month-to-Month Tenancy) – Both tenants and landlords may end a month-to-month tenancy by providing the other party with thirty (30) days notice.

Download: Adobe PDF, Microsoft Word (.doc), Open Document Text (.odt)


180-Day Notice to Quit (Notice of Demolition) – If the landlord intends to demolish a structure on the property where the tenant resides, then the landlord must provide at least one hundred-eight (180) days notice.

Download: Adobe PDF

 

 


90-Day Notice to Quit (Moving Relative/Pending Sale ) – In the event that a landlord wishes to move a relative into a property occupied by a tenant, or wishes to sell the property and has identified a buyer, the landlord must give the tenant at least ninety (90) days notice.

Download: Adobe PDF, Microsoft Word (.doc), Open Document Text (.odt)


120-Day Notice to Quit (Substantial Rehabilitation ) – Should a landlord want to perform improvements to an occupied property that are so substantial that it is impossible for the tenant to live there while the repairs are taking place, the landlord must provide the tenant with at least one hundred-twenty (120) days notice.

Download: Adobe PDF, Microsoft Word (.doc), Open Document Text (.odt)

Table of Contents

Eviction Laws

Court Forms

Answer of Defendant – Those facing eviction may use this form to respond to a notice to quit.

Complaint for Nonpayment of Rent (Form 1-A) – A landlord may file this form with the court to begin the eviction process if the tenant has failed to pay rent.

How to Evict (Process)

Landlord and tenant matters in the District may be handled either by an attorney or by the party involved, which is known as “pro se.”

Step 1 – Download one of the following forms:

  • 60-Day Notice to Quit – Non-Payment of Rent
  • 30-Day Notice to Quit – Breach of Lease
  • 30-Day Notice to Quit – Month-to-Month
  • 90-Day Notice to Quit – Relative/Sale
  • 120-Day Notice to Quit – Substantial Rehabilitation
  • 180-Day Notice to Quit – Demolition

Step 2 – Fill out the form and provide it to the tenant. Landlords may post it on the property at issue, though certified mail is recommended to record the tenant’s receipt of the notice.

Step 3 – If the necessary notice period for the type of eviction has elapsed and the tenant remains on the premises, the landlord should file the complaint, Form 1-A, with the Landlord and Tenant Branch of the Civil Court Division.

  • The filing fee is $120 along with $10 for each additional defendant

Step 4 – As soon as the complaint has been filed, the landlord must serve the tenant with the eviction action. This should be done with a process server.

Step 5 – A judge in the landlord and tenant branch will set a date for a hearing. Both parties are obligated to appear and may present evidence and arguments. Landlords should expect additional procedural requirements if the tenant being evicted receives public assistance or is in the process of applying.

How to Write (Notice to Quit)