Maryland Lease Agreements | Residential & Commercial

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A Maryland lease agreement allows a landlord and tenant to create a rental contract for the renting of property for either commercial or residential property. After the tenant approves the space for their use, the parties will begin negotiations over rent and each party’s responsibilities during the lease. After negotiating, the landlord will typically run a credit report and verify the tenant’s employment. After approval by the landlord, a rental contract should be drafted and signed.

Rental Application – Form used by a landlord to verify that a potential tenant is able to pay rent on time and that their previous renting history was well received.

Table of Contents

Agreement Types (8)


Association of Realtors Lease Agreement – For a residential property where a licensed Realtor s facilitating the transaction between a landlord and tenant.

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Commercial Lease Agreement – For the purpose of a business use such as storage, retail (store), industrial, office, and any other commercial type.

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Month-to-Month Lease Agreement – Also known as a “tenancy at will”, has a commencement date and must be ended with at least one (1) month’s notice according to § 8-402.

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Rent-to-Own Lease Agreement – Typical residential contract which also has a provision that includes an option to purchase the property.

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Room Rental (Roommate) Agreement – For the individuals in a shared housing arrangement so that they may be able to set parameters around the payment of bills and the usage of common areas.

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Standard Residential Lease Agreement – To be used for residential tenancies with a start and end date.

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Sublease Agreement – For a tenant seeking to have someone else pay rent in return for letting them live in a residential space for a part of the remainder of their lease term.

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Termination Lease Letter – Allows either party to cancel a tenancy at will within the allotted amount of time (30 days) described in § 8-402.

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Disclosures

Agent/Landlord Identification (§ 8-210) – The landlord and anyone allowed onto the premises must be mentioned.

Lead-Based Paint Disclosure – Only required for residences built prior to 1978 for landlords to inform their tenants of the potential of dangerous lead within the walls and ceiling.

Move-in/Move-out Checklist (§  8-203.1(a)) – The right to have the dwelling unit inspected by the landlord in the tenant’s presence for the purpose of making a written list of damages that exist at the commencement of the tenancy, if the tenant so requests by certified mail within 15 days of the tenant’s occupancy.

Habitation (§ 8–208) – A statement must be included in the lease agreement that states the property will be in a condition that permits habitation and list the tenant’s responsibility as to heat, electricity, gas, water, and any necessary repairs.

Security Deposit Receipt – According to § 8–203 a receipt must be given to the tenant if a deposit was made. The receipt must also list the tenant’s rights as listed in § 8–203.1.

Access

There is no statute that required the landlord to grant notice before going inside the home of a tenant. Although the landlord should be advised that abuse or multiple attempts to access the premises for little to no cause is forbidden.

Security Deposits

Maximum (§ 8–203) – The landlord may ask for a maximum of two (2) months’ rent from a new tenant.

Returning (§ 8–203) – The landlord must return all funds, minus any itemized deductions, to the tenant within forty-five (45) days from the date ending the tenancy.

(Video) What are the Maryland Rental Laws?